Lesson Six — Personal Pronouns & Possessive Adjectives
Personal Pronouns and Possessive Adjectives are easily confused by Brazilian students. This is a brief explanation, with a few examples for a quick review. Then, you can practice by doing the exercise. [Answers to the exercise are provided at the end.]
Personal Pronouns (Nominative Case) – I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they function as the subject of a sentence. Examples:
I live in New York.
Do you like playing tennis?
He doesn’t want to come this evening.
She works in London.
It won’t be easy.
We are studying pronouns now.
You went to Paris last year, didn’t you?
They bought a new car last month.
Possessive adjectives – my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their are often confused with possessive pronouns. The possessive adjective modifies the noun following it in order to show possession. Examples:
I’ll get my books.
Is that your car over there?
That is his teacher, Mr Jones.
I want to go to her store.
Its color is red.
Can we bring our children?
You are welcome to invite your husbands.
It is time to practice what you have just learned. Fill in the spaces with either personal pronouns or possessives adjectives. I did the first one for you.
(1)__I_am a singer and this is a story about a person like me. Jennifer Lang is one of (2)______favorite singers. (3)_____is a jazz singer and often performs in clubs. (4)____voice is different from mine. (5)____sing standard jazz songs. Jennifer and (6)____ have the same teacher. (7)______teacher’s name is Jeannie. (8)______gives lessons four times a week. Jennifer is married.(9) ______husband is an investment banker in New York. (10)_____office is on Park Avenue where (11) ____arrives every morning at 7:30 am. (12) ____have different professions , but (13)____feel (14)_____marriage is great. (15)____am not jealous of (16)______success, but (17)____am jealous of (18)_______wonderful marriage. Maybe someday (19)_____will meet a man just like him.
Answers: (2)my (3)she (4)her (5)I (6)I (7)our (8)she (9)her (10)his (11)he (12)they (13)I (14)their (15)I (16)their (17)I (18)their (19)I
These exercises were written by Luiza Moura, who has a Master’s Degree in teaching English as a Second Language (ESL) from UFPR. She is a private English instructor in Curitiba and can be contacted at www.luizamoura.com.br.